After Jonah's complaint, God explains in verses 10-11 why it is silly for Jonah to care so much about a plant and so little about a city full of people—and that's the end. The Bereans "received the word with all readiness, and searched the Scriptures daily to find out whether these things were so" (Acts 17:10-11). 7 And he issued a proclamation and published through Nineveh, r "By the decree of the king and his nobles: Let neither man nor s beast, herd nor flock, taste anything. . 1801-1803. Barnes's Jonah 3:7 Bible Commentary And he caused it to be proclaimed and published through Nineveh; - literally, "And he cried and said, etc." 7. ; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. God's "tender mercies are over all His works" (Psalms 145:9); God "preserves man and beast" (Psalms 36:6). Study the bible online using commentary on Jonah 3 and more! "Commentary on Jonah 3:7". So, Heb. Alexander, Jonah 3:7-8. We hence see that no expiation was sought for by the king, when he enjoined a fast on brute animals, but that, on the contrary, men were roused by such means seriously to acknowledge the wrath of God, and to entertain greater fear, that they might be more truly humbled before him, and be displeased with themselves, and be thus more disposed and better prepared and moulded to seek pardon. Amplified® Jonah 3:7 Context 4 And Jonah began to enter into the city a day's journey, and he cried, and said, Yet forty days, and Nineveh shall be overthrown. Consequently, scholars must consider linguistic and historical factors to approximate such information.2 Traditionally, many ascribe authorship to Jonah son of Amittai (cf. Read Jonah 3 commentary using John Gill's Exposition of the Bible. 5 So the people of Nineveh believed God, and proclaimed a fast, and put on sackcloth, from the greatest of them even to the least of them. (Horn ii. 6 Yahweh God prepared a vine, and made it to come up over Jonah, that it might be a shade over his head, to deliver him from his discomfort. The Ninevites believed … 3 Jehoshaphat was afraid and turned his attention to seek the LORD, and proclaimed a fast throughout all Judah. BibliographyEllicott, Charles John. It is pathetic because the character Jonah is so completely unfaithful. 3. Let neither man nor beast … - o“Are brutes too then to fast, horses and mules to be clothed with sackcloth? A.S.V. https: Hence the king of Nineveh attempted nothing that was inconsistent with the word of God, since he had in every thing this in view — that he and his people might go humbly before God’s tribunal, and with real penitential feelings solicit his forgiveness. He dressed himself in burlap and sat on a heap of ashes. 2 Kings 14:25), placing the book somewhere in the eighth century (BC).3 However, some scholars note literary and histor… "Commentary on Jonah 3:7". "Commentary on Jonah 3:7". And he caused it to be proclaimed and published through Nineveh,.... By a herald or heralds, sent into the several parts of the city: by the decree of the king and his nobles; with whom he consulted, and whose advice he took; and who were equally concerned at this news, and very probably were present when word was brought to the king concerning it: saying, let neither man nor beast, herd nor flock, taste anything; a very strict and general fast this: abstinence from all food was enjoined; not only men of every rank and age, but the cattle likewise, horses and camels, they used either for their pleasure or business; their oxen, cows, and calves, of their herd; their sheep, goats, lambs, and kids, of their flocks: let them not feed, nor drink water; no food were to be put into their mangers or folds: nor were they to be suffered to graze in their pastures, or to be allowed the least quantity of food or drink; this was ordered, to make the mourning the greater; thus VirgilF21"Non ulli pastos, illis egere diebus Frigida Daphni boves, ad flumius, nulla neque amnem Libavit quadrupes, nec graminis attigit herbam". Now Nineveh was a very large city; it took three days to go through it. 13.) https: https: St. 1983-1999. 2. c. 4. BibliographyCalvin, John. (Calmet) --- When people are greatly moved by repentance, they exceed in austerity; but if this be not indiscreet, God accepts of their good intention. https: "Commentary on Jonah 3:7". Jonah 3:7 And he caused [it] to be proclaimed and published through Nineveh by the decree of the king and his nobles, saying, Let neither man nor beast, herd nor flock, taste any thing: let them not feed, nor drink water: Ver. 1870. Jonah 3:7-8 English Standard Version (ESV). Jellinek, p. 102, quoted in Simon, JPS Bible Commentary: Jonah, introduction p. 12. https: Therefore this rule ought ever to be our guide — that fasting and such things are in themselves of no value, but must be estimated only by the end in view. Anyone who ever witnessed the lowing of thirsty cattle can never forget the terrible impact of it. This they were now forbidden to do by an edict from the king, who interesteth himself in matters of religion; as did also Artaxerxes, Ezra 7:26 (for which Ezra seeth cause to bless God); and Nebuchadnezzar, Daniel 3:29, which the Scripture commendeth, and recordeth as a work of his repentance. At least, the king strengthened his command by that of his nobles, as Darius the Mede sealed the den of lions, into which Daniel was cast, with the signet of his lords as well as his own Daniel 6:17, “that the purpose might not be changed concerning him.”. "Commentary on Jonah 3:7". 4 Jonah began to go into the city, going a day’s walk. https: He had learned his lesson. Now, if any one objects and says that nothing ought to be done in the worship of God beyond what his word warrants, the answer is — that the king of Nineveh had not appointed any kind of expiation, neither did he intend that they should thus worship God, but regarded only the end which I have mentioned; and that end fully harmonizes with the word of God and his command.

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